This cylindrical projection was developed in 1745 by C. F. Cassini for the survey of France. It is occasionally called Cassini-Soldner since the latter provided the more accurate mathematical analysis that led to the development of the ellipsoidal formulae. The projection is neither conformal nor equal-area, and behaves as a compromise between the two end-members. The distortion is zero along the central meridian. It is best suited for mapping regions of north-south extent. The central meridian, each meridian 90 away, and equator are straight lines; all other meridians and parallels are complex curves. The requirements to define this projection are:
A detailed map of the island of Sardinia centered on the 845'E meridian using the Cassini projection can be obtained by running the command:
pscoast -R7:30/38:30/10:30/41:30r -JC8.75/40/2.5i -B1g1f30m -Lf9.5/38.8/40/60 -Dh -Glightgray \ -W0.25p -Ia/0.5p -P --LABEL_FONT_SIZE=12 > GMT_cassini.ps
As with the previous projections, the user can choose between a rectangular boundary (used here) or a geographical (WESN) boundary.