grdproject - Forward and Inverse map transformation of 2-D grd files


       grdproject   in_grdfile   -Jparameters   -Rwest/east/south/north[r]   [
       -A[k|m|n|i|c|p] ] [ -C[dx/dy] ] [ -Ddx[m|c][/dy[m|c]] ] [ -Edpi ] [  -F
       ]  [ -Gout_grdfile ] [ -I ] [ -Mc|i|m|p ] [ -Nnx/ny ] [ -Ssearch_radius
       ] [ -V ]


       grdproject will do one of two things depending whether -I has been set.
       If set, it will transform a gridded data set from a rectangular coordi-
       nate system onto a geographical system by resampling the surface at the
       new  nodes. If not set, it will project a geographical gridded data set
       onto a rectangular grid. The new nodes are filled  based  on  a  simple
       weighted  average of nearby points. Aliasing is avoided by using sensi-
       ble values for the search_radius.  The new node spacing may  be  deter-
       mined  in one of several ways by specifying the grid spacing, number of
       nodes, or resolution. Nodes not constrained by input data  are  set  to
               No  space between the option flag and the associated arguments.
       Use upper case for the option flags and lower case for modifiers.

              2-D binary grd file to be transformed.

       -J     Selects the map projection. Scale is  UNIT/degree,  1:xxxxx,  or
              width  in  UNIT  (upper case modifier).  UNIT is cm, inch, or m,
              depending on the MEASURE_UNIT setting in .gmtdefaults4, but this
              can be overridden on the command line by appending c, i, or m to
              the scale/width value.  For map height, max  dimension,  or  min
              dimension, append h, +, or - to the width, respectively.


              -Jclon0/lat0/scale (Cassini)
              -Jjlon0/scale (Miller)
              -Jmscale (Mercator - Greenwich and Equator as origin)
              -Jmlon0/lat0/scale (Mercator - Give meridian and standard paral-
              -Joalon0/lat0/azimuth/scale  (Oblique  Mercator  -   point   and
              -Joblon0/lat0/lon1/lat1/scale (Oblique Mercator - two points)
              -Joclon0/lat0/lonp/latp/scale  (Oblique  Mercator  -  point  and
              -Jqlon0/scale (Equidistant Cylindrical  Projection  (Plate  Car-
              -Jtlon0/scale (TM - Transverse Mercator, with Equator as y = 0)
              -Jtlon0/lat0/scale (TM - Transverse Mercator, set origin)
              -Juzone/scale (UTM - Universal Transverse Mercator)
              -Jylon0/lats/scale (Basic Cylindrical Projection)


              -Jalon0/lat0/scale (Lambert).
              -Jelon0/lat0/scale (Equidistant).
              -Jflon0/lat0/horizon/scale (Gnomonic).
              -Jglon0/lat0/scale (Orthographic).
              -Jslon0/lat0/[slat/]scale (General Stereographic)

              CONIC PROJECTIONS:

              -Jblon0/lat0/lat1/lat2/scale (Albers)
              -Jdlon0/lat0/lat1/lat2/scale (Equidistant)
              -Jllon0/lat0/lat1/lat2/scale (Lambert)


              -Jhlon0/scale (Hammer)
              -Jilon0/scale (Sinusoidal)
              -Jk[f|s]lon0/scale (Eckert IV (f) and VI (s))
              -Jnlon0/scale (Robinson)
              -Jrlon0/scale (Winkel Tripel)
              -Jvlon0/scale (Van der Grinten)
              -Jwlon0/scale (Mollweide)


              -Jp[a]scale[/origin]  (polar  (theta,r)  coordinates, optional a
              for azimuths and offset theta [0])
              -Jxx-scale[l|ppow][/y-scale[l|ppow]][d] (Linear, log, and  power
              More details can be found in the psbasemap man pages.

       -R     xmin,  xmax,  ymin, and ymax specify the Region of interest. For
              geographic regions,  these  limits  correspond  to  west,  east,
              south,  and north and you may specify them in decimal degrees or
              in [+-]dd:mm[][W|E|S|N] format. Append r  if  lower  left
              and  upper  right map coordinates are given instead of wesn. The
              two shorthands  -Rg  -Rd  stand  for  global  domain  (0/360  or
              -180/+180  in longitude respectively, with -90/+90 in latitude).
              For calendar time coordinates you may either give relative  time
              (relative  to  the  selected  TIME_EPOCH  and  in  the  selected
              TIME_UNIT; append t to -JX|x), or  absolute  time  of  the  form
              [date]T[clock]  (append  T  to  -JX|x). At least one of date and
              clock must be present; the T is always required. The date string
              must  be  of  the form [-]yyyy[-mm[-dd]] (Gregorian calendar) or
              yyyy[-Www[-d]] (ISO week calendar), while the clock string  must
              be  of  the form hh:mm:ss[.xxx]. The use of delimiters and their
              type and positions must be as indicated  (however,  input/output
              and plotting formats are flexible).


       -A     Force  1:1  scaling, i.e., output (or input, see -I) data are in
              actual projected meters. To specify other units, append k  (km),
              m  (mile),n  (nautical  mile),  i (inch), c (cm), or p (points).
              Without -A, the output (or input, see -I) are in the units spec-
              ified by MEASURE_UNIT (but see -M).

       -C     Let  projected  coordinates  be  relative  to  projection center
              [Default is relative to lower  left  corner].   Optionally,  add
              offsets  in  the projected units to be added (or subtracted when
              -I is set) to (from) the projected coordinates,  such  as  false
              eastings and northings for particular projection zones [0/0].

       -D     Set  the  grid spacing for the new grid. Append m for minutes, c
              for seconds.

       -E     Set the resolution for the new grid in dots per inch.

       -F     Toggle between pixel and gridline registration [Default is  same
              as input].

       -G     Specify the name of the output netCDF grd file.

       -I     Do the Inverse transformation, from rectangular to geographical.

       -M     Append c, i, or m to indicate that cm, inch, or meter should  be
              the  projected  measure  unit [Default is set by MEASURE_UNIT in
              .gmtdefaults4]. Cannot be used with -A.

       -N     Set the number of grid nodes in the new grid.

       -S     Set the search  radius  for  the  averaging  procedure  [Default
              avoids aliasing].

       -V     Selects verbose mode, which will send progress reports to stderr
              [Default runs "silently"].


       To transform the geographical grid dbdb5.grd onto a pixel Mercator grid
       at 300 dpi, run

       grdproject dbdb5.grd -R20/50/12/25 -Jm0.25i -E300 -F -Gdbdb5_merc.grd

       To  inversely  transform  the file topo_tm.grd back onto a geographical
       grid, use

       grdproject  topo_tm.grd  -R-80/-70/20/40  -Jt-75/1:500000  -I  -D5m  -V

       This  assumes, of course, that the coordinates in topo_tm.grd were cre-
       ated with the same projection parameters.
       To inversely transform the file topo_utm.grd (which is in  UTM  meters)
       back  to a geographical grid we specify a one-to-one mapping with meter
       as the measure unit:

       grdproject topo_utm.grd -R203/205/60/65 -Ju5/1:1 -I -Mm -V -Gtopo.grd


       The boundaries of a projected (rectangular) data set will not necessar-
       ily  give  rectangular  geographical boundaries (Mercator is one excep-
       tion). In those cases some nodes may be unconstrained (set to NaN).  To
       get  a  full grid back, your input grid may have to cover a larger area
       than you are interrested in.


       gmt(l), gmtdefaults(l), mapproject(l)

GMT4.0                            1 Oct 2004                     GRDPROJECT(l)

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