pstext - To plot text on maps
pstext textfile -Jparameters -Rwest/east/south/north[r] [ -Btickinfo ]
[ -Cdx/dy ] -D[j]dx/dy[v[red/green/blue] ] [ -Eazimuth/elevation ] [
-Gred/green/blue ] [ -H[nrec] ] [ -K ] [ -L ] [ -M[flag] ] [ -N ] [ -O
] [ -P ] [ -Spen ] [ -U[/dx/dy/][label] ] [ -V ] [
-W[red/green/blue][o|O|c|C[pen]] ] [ -Xx-shift ] [ -Yy-shift ] [
-Zzlevel ] [ -ccopies ] [ -: ]
pstext plots textstrings of variable size, font type, and orientation.
Various map projections are provided, with the option to draw and anno-
tate the map boundaries. PostScript code is written to standard output.
Greek characters, subscript, superscript, and small caps are supported
as follows: The sequence @~ toggles between the selected font and Greek
(Symbol). @%no% sets the font to no; @%% resets the font to the start-
ing font, @- toggles subscripts on/off, @+ toggles superscript on/off,
and @# toggles small caps on/off. @@ prints the @ sign. @e, @o, @a, @E,
@O, @A give the accented Scandinavian characters. Composite characters
(overstrike) may be indicated with the @!<char1><char2> sequence, which
will print the two characters on top of each other. To learn the octal
codes for symbols not available on the keyboard and some accented Euro-
pean characters, see Section 4.16 and Appendix F in the GMT Technical
Reference and Cookbook. Note that CHAR_ENCODING must be set to and
extended character set in your .gmtdefaults4 file in order to use the
accented characters. Using the -W option, a colored rectangle underly-
ing the text may be plotted (Does not work for strings with sub/super
scripts, symbols, or composite characters, except in paragraph mode
This file contains 1 or more records with (x, y, size, angle,
fontno, justify, text). If no file is given, pstext will read
standard input. size is text size in points, angle is measured
in degrees counter-clockwise from horizontal, fontno sets the
font type, justify sets the alignment. If fontno is not an
integer, then it is taken to be a textstring with the desired
fontname. See the gmtdefaults man page for names and numbers of
available fonts (or run pstext -L). The alignment refers to the
part of the textstring that will be mapped onto the (x,y) point.
Choose a 2 character combination of L, C, R (for left, center,
or right) and T, M, B for top, middle, or bottom. e.g., BL for
-J Selects the map projection. Scale is UNIT/degree, 1:xxxxx, or
width in UNIT (upper case modifier). UNIT is cm, inch, or m,
depending on the MEASURE_UNIT setting in .gmtdefaults4, but this
can be overridden on the command line by appending c, i, or m to
the scale/width value. For map height, max dimension, or min
dimension, append h, +, or - to the width, respectively.
-Jmscale (Mercator - Greenwich and Equator as origin)
-Jmlon0/lat0/scale (Mercator - Give meridian and standard paral-
-Joalon0/lat0/azimuth/scale (Oblique Mercator - point and
-Joblon0/lat0/lon1/lat1/scale (Oblique Mercator - two points)
-Joclon0/lat0/lonp/latp/scale (Oblique Mercator - point and
-Jqlon0/scale (Equidistant Cylindrical Projection (Plate Car-
-Jtlon0/scale (TM - Transverse Mercator, with Equator as y = 0)
-Jtlon0/lat0/scale (TM - Transverse Mercator, set origin)
-Juzone/scale (UTM - Universal Transverse Mercator)
-Jylon0/lats/scale (Basic Cylindrical Projection)
-Jslon0/lat0/[slat/]scale (General Stereographic)
-Jk[f|s]lon0/scale (Eckert IV (f) and VI (s))
-Jrlon0/scale (Winkel Tripel)
-Jvlon0/scale (Van der Grinten)
-Jp[a]scale[/origin] (polar (theta,r) coordinates, optional a
for azimuths and offset theta )
-Jxx-scale[l|ppow][/y-scale[l|ppow]][d] (Linear, log, and power
More details can be found in the psbasemap man pages.
-Jz Sets the vertical scaling (for 3-D maps). Same syntax as -Jx.
-R xmin, xmax, ymin, and ymax specify the Region of interest. For
geographic regions, these limits correspond to west, east,
south, and north and you may specify them in decimal degrees or
in [+-]dd:mm[:ss.xxx][W|E|S|N] format. Append r if lower left
and upper right map coordinates are given instead of wesn. The
two shorthands -Rg -Rd stand for global domain (0/360 or
-180/+180 in longitude respectively, with -90/+90 in latitude).
For calendar time coordinates you may either give relative time
(relative to the selected TIME_EPOCH and in the selected
TIME_UNIT; append t to -JX|x), or absolute time of the form
[date]T[clock] (append T to -JX|x). At least one of date and
clock must be present; the T is always required. The date string
must be of the form [-]yyyy[-mm[-dd]] (Gregorian calendar) or
yyyy[-Www[-d]] (ISO week calendar), while the clock string must
be of the form hh:mm:ss[.xxx]. The use of delimiters and their
type and positions must be as indicated (however, input/output
and plotting formats are flexible).
No space between the option flag and the associated arguments.
-B Sets map boundary annotation and tickmark intervals; see the
psbasemap man page for all the details.
-C Sets the clearance between the text and the surrounding box
[15%]. Only used if -W is specified. Append the unit you want
(cm, inch, meter. or point; if not given we consult MEA-
SURE_UNIT) or % for a percentage of the font size.
-D Offsets the text from the projected (x,y) point by dx,dy [0/0].
Use -Dj to offset the text away from the point instead (i.e. the
text’s justification will determine the direction of the shift).
In paragraph mode (-M), one may append v which will draw a line
from the original point to the shifted point. Optionally append
a pen for this line.
-E Sets the viewpoint’s azimuth and elevation (for perspective
view) [180/90]. (Not implemented for paragraph mode).
-G Sets the gray-shade (0-255) or color (r/g/b, each 0-255) used
for drawing the text. [Default is black]
-H Input file(s) has Header record(s). Number of header records can
be changed by editing your .gmtdefaults4 file. If used, GMT
default is 1 header record. Use -Hi if only input data should
have header records [Default will write out header records if
the input data have them].
-K More PostScript code will be appended later [Default terminates
the plot system].
-L Lists the font-numbers and font-names available, then exits.
-M Paragraph mode. Files must be multiple segment files. Segments
are separated by a special record whose first character must be
flag [Default is ’>’]. Starting in the 3rd column, we expect to
find information pertaining to the typesetting of a text para-
graph (the remaining lines until next segment header). The
information expected is (x y size angle fontno justify linespace
parwidth parjust), where x y size angle fontno justify are
defined above, while linespace and parwidth are the linespacing
and paragraph width, respectively. The justification of the text
paragraph is governed by parjust which may be l(eft), c(enter),
r(ight), or j(ustified). The segment header is followed by one
or more lines with paragraph text. Text may contain the escape
sequences discussed above as well as three more: @;r/g/b;
changes the font color (@;; resets it), @:size: changes the font
size (@:: resets it), and @_ toggles underline on/off. Separate
paragraphs with a blank line.
-N Do NOT clip text at map boundaries [Default will clip].
-O Selects Overlay plot mode [Default initializes a new plot sys-
-P Selects Portrait plotting mode [GMT Default is Landscape, see
gmtdefaults to change this].
-S Draw text outline. Append pen attributes. (Not implemented for
-U Draw Unix System time stamp on plot. User may specify where the
lower left corner of the stamp should fall on the page relative
to lower left corner of plot. Optionally, append a label, or c
(which will plot the command string.). The GMT parameters
UNIX_TIME and UNIX_TIME_POS can affect the appearance; see the
gmtdefaults man page for details.
-V Selects verbose mode, which will send progress reports to stderr
[Default runs "silently"].
-W Paint a rectangle beneath the text string. Set color [Default is
no fill]. Append o to draw rectangle outline, add a pen to
specify pen attributes [1/0/0/0]. Choose upper case O to get a
rounded rectangle. Choose lower case c to get a concave rectan-
gle (only in paragraph mode). Choose upper case C to get a con-
vex rectangle (only in paragraph mode).
-X -Y Shift origin of plot by (x-shift,y-shift). Prepend a for abso-
lute coordinates; the default (r) will reset plot origin. Give
c to center plot using current page size.
-Z For 3-D projections: Sets the z-level of the basemap . (Not
implemented for paragraph mode).
-: Toggles between (longitude,latitude) and (latitude,longitude)
input and/or output. [Default is (longitude,latitude)]. Append
i to select input only or o to select output only. [Default
-c Specifies the number of plot copies. [Default is 1].
To plot the outlines of the textstrings stored in the file text.d on a
Mercator plot with the given specifications, use
pstext text.d -R-30/30/-10/20 -Jm0.1i -P -B5 -S0.5p > plot.ps
To add a typeset figure caption for a 3-inch wide illustration, use
pstext -R0/3/0/5 -JX3i -O -H -M -N << EOF >> figure.ps
This is an optional header record
> 0 -0.5 12 0 4 LT 13p 3i j
@%5%Figure 1.@%% This illustration shows nothing useful, but it still
a figure caption. Highlighted in @;255/0/0;red@;; you can see the loca-
of cities where it is @_impossible@_ to get any good Thai food; these
are to be avoided.
In paragraph mode, the presence of composite characters and other
escape sequences may lead to unfortunate word splitting.
The -N option does not adjust the BoundingBox information so you may
have to post-process the PostScript outout with epstool or ps2epsi to
obtain a correct BoundingBox.
GMT4.0 1 Oct 2004 PSTEXT(l)
Man(1) output converted with